chapter  3
18 Pages

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector: A Conceptual Framework and Implications for Research and Policy

When Acquired Immune Defi ciency Syndrome (AIDS) was fi rst recognised in early 1981, few would have predicted that it would escalate into a modern-day plague, with over 40 million individuals infected worldwide. Indeed, AIDS is an exceptional infectious disease, posing challenges in terms of immediate needs and long-term development. During 2005, almost fi ve million people were newly infected with HIV, the highest annual incidence rate since the beginning of the epidemic ( UNAIDS/ WHO 2005a). In the same year, more than three million individuals would have died of AIDS, with over 20 million having died since the fi rst cases of AIDS were identifi ed in the early 1980s.