Regional Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Global Public Goods Approach
Epidemic diseases have been seen at least since the nineteenth century as appropriate areas for public policy action that extends in many cases beyond issues of health into important related fi elds, such as public housing and water and sanitation. Examples of public policy to control the conditions in which epidemic diseases spread are common in the history of UK. Indeed a potent and powerful infl uence behind social investigations of poverty was to better understand the causal role that dreadful living conditions had in the spread of diseases such as cholera and smallpox, and to make the case for increased social investment that would protect everyone – including those with political and economic power. Interdependence of interests was thus seen as fundamental to a public policy response, and health was seen as a ‘ public good’ where everyone gained from effective responses.