The Canary Islands’ “Maritime Wall”: Migration Pressure, Security Measures and Economic Crisis in the Mid-Atlantic
This chapter examines the potential possibilities and problems of conceptualizing border fences with the help of both traditional geopolitical representations and post-positivist Border Studies theories, including ideas related to post-modernist, constructivist, and critical approaches. According to a moderate version of post-modernist Border Studies, borders in the globalizing world are not vanishing but are instead reshaping, multiplying, and becoming functionally more complex. It explains that many immigrants, instead of returning home after finishing their temporary work, now preferred to reside in the United States of America (USA) in order to avoid the risks of subsequent illicit border crossing. The chapter focuses on the 'hard facts', that create so many problems for 'gatekeepers' and border-crossers aiming to systematically target the mundane problems, seems to be at least as important as deconstructing the norms and perceptions that underlie the border barriers.