chapter  7
20 Pages

European Security and the “Clash of Civilizations”: Differences in the policies of France, Germany and the UK towards the Mediterranean and the Middle East

ByPeter Seeberg

It is the ambition of this chapter to discuss differences between France, Germany and the UK regarding foreign policy and security relations towards the Mediterranean and the Middle East. I will argue that only a limited amount of convergence between the EU states can be seen as far as foreign policy aspects of security are concerned. The main reason is the independent and often conflicting policies of the states in the European Community “power-triangle”, France, Germany and the UK. The article focuses on these three large EU states, but other EU-states are included where this is relevant and meaningful.