Moral Integrity and Remote-Controlled Killing
This chapter focuses on one aspect of responsibility: the basic moral responsibility for every actor to justify one's actions to oneself. The basis for this justification is normative integrity, which is not completely given through outer factors but in part a result of identity-creating decisions and actions. In short, there seem to be two major advantages of armed drones in modern warfare: The drone pilot can be deployed far away and hence be out of reach of enemy fire; and armed drones seemed to spare civilians because of their improved precision. The chapter mentions one aspect that was dominating the discussion on armed drones in Germany. The chapter focuses only on a conceptual point: according to Nils Melzer, targeted killings are defined as having "five cumulative elements": Use of lethal force; Intent, premeditation, and deliberation to kill; Targeting of individually selected persons; Lack of physical custody; Attributability to a subject of international law.