Demarginalising the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Anti-discrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory, and Anti-racist Politics
One of the very few black women’s studies books is entitled All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us are Brave! (Hull et al. 1982). I have chosen this title as a point of departure in my efforts to develop a black feminist criticism2 because it sets forth a problematic consequence of the tendency to treat race and gender as mutually exclusive categories of experience and analysis.3 In this chapter, I want to examine how this tendency is perpetuated by a single-axis framework that is dominant in anti-discrimination law and that is also reflected in feminist theory and anti-racist politics.