chapter  4
27 Pages

The Gender Order in Argentina in the ‘Oligarchic’ Period (1880-1930)

BySilvia Berger

This chapter analyses gender relations, the type of families and their evolution in the frame of the regime of accumulation that characterizes 'Argentina under Oligarchy' (1880–1930). It focuses on several Latin American countries with the objective of constructing a comparative history of the twentieth century dealing with gender inequalities and the evolution of gender discrepancies in three basic indicators of human development: education, health, and income. Argentina experienced three dominant regimes of accumulation that determined the country's development since its entry into the world market in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, after a long period of civil strife and disjoints in the political scenario. Women's participation in Argentina's labour market during the oligarchic accumulation mode and its comparison with that experienced in some core countries provides interesting perspectives for analysis. The changes occurring in Argentina were largely a result of the massive restructuring of the international division of labour leading to the transformation of capitalism.