Perspectives on Integrated Container Transport: The Canadian Example
The term “integration” has many applications. It applies to mathematics and calculus; it has a political connotation as in bringing about cooperation among sovereign states; it applies to the American civil rights movement. It also applies to transportation. It is this latter application that is of interest here especially as it applies to container transport and the various players involved in gateway and corridor development associated with container freight movement. In order for such development to proceed apace it is essential that integration – cooperation and coordination of component parts into a unified system – be operational. As a way to introduce integration in this context I take my lead from two academic articles: Hull (2005) and Hesse and Rodrigue (2004). The former discusses integration related to transportation planning; the second places integration of transportation and logistics into the spectrum of supply chain management. In both cases integration implies coordination and cooperation in which various users – stakeholders – work together for the benefit of the whole, however defined.