A Generalized View of Maqasid As-Shari’ah
A Generalized View of Maqasid As-Shari’ah1
A critical evaluation of the purpose and objective of Islamic Law, namely maqasid as-shari’ah as it has evolved in Islamic scholastic experience is undertaken. The deeper philosophy and potential of maqasid as-shari’ah within the great design of the monotheistic law, Sunnat Allah, is explained. Such explanation is carried out in the light of the core of Islamic epistemology that directly induces Islamic Law. This critical evaluation is pursued in the light of the epistemological worldview and its methodical formalism of unity of knowledge contra a differentiated and conflicting view of human experience in rationalism. The episteme of unity of knowledge is Tawhid as the law of everything in the precept of unity as understood by the monotheistic law, Sunnat Allah. In the light of the extendibility of maqasid as-shari’ah across the relationally unifying domain of Sunnat Allah we discuss the potentiality of shari’ah in terms of res extensa (epistemic extension) and res cogitans (cognitive capacity).