chapter  9
12 Pages

Applied Science and Rationalized Hinduism—An Elective Affinity?

Max Weber's interpreters have often simplified his understanding of history's causal mechanisms by declaring single forces to be its 'movers'. 'Bureaucratization' and 'rational action' drive forward the modern epoch and 'charisma' pushed history in the pre-modern era, many commentators proclaim, and 'the Protestant ethic' unilaterally gave birth to bureaucratized, steel-hard capitalism. Even orientations to the supernatural and to legitimate rulership, although significant throughout his sociology, are never awarded a general causal capacity. Weber contends, yet a broad spectrum of causes outside the inexhaustible sway of interests always exists. Weber's analytic treatise, is organized around an array of sociologically-significant societal domains: the economy, rulership, religion, law, universal organizations, and status group's spheres. A principled multicausality also anchors the interweaving of past and present in Weber's sociology. According to Weber, the commentators proclaimed, a static and 'ossified' society devoid of heroes oriented to ideals was unavoidably on the horizon.