Rationality and Nuclear Weapons: Weber’s Pertinence in the Post-Annihilatory Age
The history of the social sciences is marked by a perpetual questioning of its foundations and status as a legitimate science. The recognition of time as a problem is nothing new to Western metaphysics, but it reaches a dramatic level of intensity in late-nineteenth century European discourses on philosophy and science According to Kant's doctrine of practical reason, the subject is both phenomenon and thing in itself, subject to temporality and natural necessity as phenomenon and source of 'free causality' as thing in itself. Indeed, Rickert's theory of concept-formation is critical to his attempts to ground the possibility of knowledge and value outside of temporal experience in the a priori forms and categories of the transcendental subject. The formal, a priori rules that make knowledge both necessary and universal also determine the respective cognitive interests that distinguish the natural and human sciences.