Corruption Deﬁnition and Measurement
Corruption measurement is simply a tool to achieve a purpose. This chapter provides an example of an empirical approach taken by the New South Wales Independent (NSW) Commission against Corruption to identify corruption risk areas in order to measure 'corruption resistance'. The hidden nature of some corruption is one of the factors that add to the difficulties in measuring corruption. Some types of corrupt activities tend to be carried out in secret with few witnesses. The chapter provides how the combination of an organisational questionnaire and staff survey can be used to collect information on high-risk functions, perceived corruption risks, corruption prevention strategies in place and staff awareness in order to develop a corruption risk profile.