Changing Places: The Advantages of Multi-sited Ethnography
The ‘native state’ of Hyderabad experienced dramatic ruptures in the midtwentieth century that pushed some of its inhabitants abroad, and to not just one but many sites. Hyderabad was India’s largest and most important princely state and it tried to stay independent after the partition of British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, but the Indian Army secured its surrender in 1948. Then, with India’s 1956 Linguistic States Reorganization, Hyderabad State was dismantled and its three linguistic regions of Telugu-, Marathi-, and Kannada-speakers joined the new states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka respectively. Hyderabad city became the capital of Andhra Pradesh, and Telugu-speakers from formerly British ruled coastal Andhra flooded into the city and controlled state politics. In the 1960s, the UK, Canada, the USA, Australia, and the Gulf states opened up opportunities to study, work, or immigrate, and many Hyderabadis and other South Asians became migrants.