This chapter argues that, far from being a redundant category, national identity continues to have significance in both the production and the consumption of music. The construction of national identities is inevitably situated within global and local historical contexts, it follows that the interface between national identity and music is constantly in a state of flux. The chapter also argues how the ideas of nation and identity continue to have relevance in contemporary global contexts. This nationalglobal dialectic is not new to music production and consumption. Slobin proposes the term interculture to outline a plane of analysis that extends beyond the issues of the lively, charged, and even tumultuous interaction of parts of a society within nation-state bounds. While industrial intercultures are often cast as homogenizing, commodifying agencies, their interaction with local consumers and with the state can also lead to nation-specific popular music forms, in a process described by Slobin as the local domestication of Anglo-American rock music.