chapter  7
25 Pages

Post-Gulf War, Post-Desert Fox, and the Post-Saddam Phase: US Policy Against Iraq and its Impact in the Middle East

ByMohamed A. El-Khawas

Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 presented a major challenge

to the US, which had hoped that the end of the Cold War would bring an era of peace.

This new conflict in the Middle East not only shattered that hope but also presented a

test for the US leadership as the only superpower. US administrations-Republicans

and Democrats alike-had always considered the oil resources of the Persian Gulf

as a vital interest. They had always tried to keep conservative, pro-Western Arab

governments in power and had not hesitated to intervene to maintain the status quo.