Post-Gulf War, Post-Desert Fox, and the Post-Saddam Phase: US Policy Against Iraq and its Impact in the Middle East
Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 presented a major challenge
to the US, which had hoped that the end of the Cold War would bring an era of peace.
This new conﬂict in the Middle East not only shattered that hope but also presented a
test for the US leadership as the only superpower. US administrations-Republicans
and Democrats alike-had always considered the oil resources of the Persian Gulf
as a vital interest. They had always tried to keep conservative, pro-Western Arab
governments in power and had not hesitated to intervene to maintain the status quo.