When Pigs Fly: ECOWAS and the Protection of Constitutional Order in Events of Coups d’État
West Africa is the region of coups d’état. Almost every second African military coup d’état takes place in its western region (McGowan 2003: 355). For a long time, this source of political instability was not of concern to neighboring states. After independence, African countries established non-interference in domestic affairs as a constitutive principle of inter-state relations (Clapham 1996: 110). Continental and regional organizations did not of¿cially comment on a case of unconstitutional change of government in a member state. They were not willing to intervene in order to protect the country’s constitution and enforce a particular political system.