This chapter examines values and human rights in Sino-American relations. It discusses how important values and human rights have been to the Barack Obama Administration. The chapter discusses the Obama Administration and the larger context of the bilateral relationship as relevant to Sino-American exchanges over human rights and values. It covers a broader range of issues than a paper focusing on human rights. The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) introduced the Universal Periodical Review, which requires all UN member states to be reviewed on their human rights record every four years. The United States continues to initiate the exchange over human rights with China, a pattern of interaction that began in the 1980s. The best way to view Sino-American exchanges on human rights is to treat the issue as a kind of equilibrium that makes human rights a pro forma issue on the diplomatic agenda and an underlying factor that colors the nature and tenor of the overall relationship.