chapter  3
The May 26, 1971 US Diplomatic Note on the Diaoyutai Issue
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This chapter studies the diplomatic archives of the Republic of China in Taiwan (hereafter referred to as the ROC or Taiwan) and of the United States of America (hereafter referred to as US) and other materials to discuss a diplomatic note issued by the US Department of State on May 26, 1971, in response to a Note sent by the ROC embassy in the US on March 15 of the same year (Appendix 1). In view of the expected termination of the US occupation of Okinawa in 1972, the ROC Note requested that the US respect the ROC’s sovereignty over the Diaoyutai Islets and return them to the ROC upon the termination.