This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book offers possible governance models or frameworks for managing the holy sites of the Old City. It provides the study of a succinct historical account of the problems facing the question of holy sites. The book describes the issues complicating a solution to the conflict over holy sites, especially with respect to the Harem al-Sharif/Temple Mount site. It explains the possible options for resolving the conflict over holy sites; and a list of problems which must be addressed regarding holy sites in any future agreement for the Old City. It includes the studies on archaeology, property, and economics that were written after the completion of the Special Regime model, specifically to address in depth how a Special Regime would deal with each of these three important areas.