This chapter outlines principles, assumptions and recommendations for administrative structures, mechanisms and policies that will enable a Special Regime (SR) to manage archaeology and heritage within Jerusalem's Old City and its walls (JOC). It builds on the historical and analytical assessments made by other authors connected with the Jerusalem Old City Initiative. The conceptual framework for these recommendations is derived from internationally recognized principles of best practice for meeting the needs of the urban communities which reside in and around sites of extraordinary heritage value. Heritage resources are accorded economic values, as well as many other values. The procedures governing archaeology and heritage should be transparent, predictable, sustainable, and balanced, and should support sustainable heritage management in a highly charged political environment. UNESCO has the potential to facilitate coordinated, collaborative, tension-diffusing interactions. JOC Archaeology and Heritage Administration (AHA) may require consultation with a structural engineer to identify whether there are potential structural or engineering impacts.