Urban Renewal and Community Development
Urban Renewal began with the Housing Act of 1949 and was officially ended in 1973. Congress intended Urban Renewal as a housing program, as the goals listed earlier indicate. The renewal project supplies a multipurpose opportunity in place of the piecemeal efforts to correct traffic problems, provide playgrounds and open spaces, provide neighborhood amenities, and new housing public and private. The particular federal program that has propelled literally thousands of communities into preparing formal housing plans has been the Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) program. A year after the termination of Urban Renewal, Congress passed the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974. The act provided Community Development Block Grants to permit localities to pursue a wide range of activities including, but not limited to, activities that had been pursued under the Urban Renewal program. Community Development (CD) funds were distributed on a formula basis, which counted population, age of housing stock, and poverty.