Growth Management, Smart Growth, Sustainable Development, and Planning for Catastrophe
Growth management programs are often heavily motivated by environmental considerations. Specifically, growth management systems are generally characterized by very close and long-term coordination between land-use controls on the one hand and capital investment on the other. Growth management policies are common in suburban areas and in those cities where there is still substantial growth potential. In the mid-1990s the term smart growth appeared on the planning scene and rapidly became the buzzword of the day. Much of the concern with smart growth has been driven by a concern with suburban sprawl, a condition that derives directly from that population growth. In recent years there has been much interest among planners in the matter of planning for sustainable development. Actions to promote sustainable development at one geographic scale will inevitably have effects on the environment at other geographic scales. Most writers define sustainable development planning as planning that addresses three overall goals such as environmental quality, social equity, and economic development.