chapter
3 Pages

Conclusion

Diversity in the transformation of defense sites to new civilian life
ByCelia Clark

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book reflects the very different agents who achieved successful regeneration. Portsmouth is a city on the south coast of England. Once the most strongly defended town in England after Berwick-upon-Tweed, Portsmouth has several encircling forts and dockyard buildings that are 'at risk', according to historic England. The United States can afford to leave a huge proportion of former sites fallow, while European countries, short of land, have a commitment to varying degrees to remediate their brownfields and reuse them. A critical factor to regeneration is the effect of contrasting systems for disposal of government-owned land. The United States can afford to leave a huge proportion of former sites fallow, while European countries, short of land, have a commitment to varying degrees to remediate their brownfields and reuse them. Uniquely, the United States has a national lobby, the association of defense communities (ADC), which exchanges experience and joins in national debate.