State violence, women, and gender
This chapter addresses the topic of state-perpetrated violence with the goal of extending the discussion of women and gender to include state-perpetrated violence during times of conflict and peace. It also addresses different forms of state-perpetrated violence, both direct and indirect, that are perpetrated against women during times of war and peace. The chapter demonstrates the variability of harms perpetrated by the state and its actors against women by drawing on several case examples of state-perpetrated violence during times of peace and conflict. It draws on a very specific case study of forced marriage in Yemen as the launching point for a more generalized discussion on indirect forms of state-perpetrated violence during times of peace. Media headlines have reported on the minimal custodial sentence handed down to former Stanford student Brock Turner for rape and sexual assault.