Criminology, war and the violence(s) of militarism
This chapter seeks to connect the study of war as a critical criminological concern with some of its own academic genealogy. It offers a rupture to these prevailing ways of conceptualising war as constituting corporate and state crimes by proposing two ways of thinking about war that are yet to be mined by criminologists. The chapter shows that criminological studies of war should more fully acknowledge the nature of violence in and of itself. It returns to the work of Bonger and the notion of 'militarism' as related to criminology and war. The chapter examines connections between 'violence' and 'militarism' using the example of US nuclear armament and the damage that the 'violence of militarism' can cause for what the authors have termed 'bodies' and 'borders' as an illustration. It concludes with some thoughts for students and scholars of criminology to consider when embarking upon the study of war and war violence.