chapter
Introduction
ByClare Midgley, Alison Twells, Julie Carlier
Pages 10

National researchers usually wrote the histories of national women's movements as the history of independent movements, paying less attention to their connections with the Russian women's movement or to mutual influences. Language is a serious problem for every researcher who decides to study national women's movements in the Russian Empire as a complex whole, as the relevant documents were mostly written and published not in Russian but in native languages; thus you need to be a polyglot to study different national movements in their interrelations and interconnections. Representatives of the Moscow group, together with delegates from national borderlands, came together at the First Congress of the Russian Union for Women's Equality in Moscow. In 1906 the Tsarist government suppressed the activities of various organizations and associations. The activity of the Association of Lithuanian Women was weakened, and women's organizations were gradually dissolved. The Catholic Church also tried to control and mobilize Polish women by stirring up their national feelings.