chapter  11
15 Pages

Agriculture and Food Security

WithUttam Kumar Deb

Bangladesh has long been aware of the renewed importance of agriculture for ensuring food and nutrition security, promoting economic growth and poverty reduction. Major drivers of increased agricultural production in the country have been the development and diffusion of improved crop varieties, expansion and better management of irrigation, effective input delivery, policy reform and investment in agriculture. The real price of agricultural products declined over time without hampering production incentives for the farmers. Increase in the price of agricultural commodities provides incentives to farmers while reducing the purchasing power of low-income consumers. Production of food grains and other agricultural commodities have increased by many times. Increased domestic production and liberalized import of foods has increased per capita availability as well as consumption of food items. Attaining food security at the national level depends on the availability of food from domestic production and imports from the international markets.