chapter  19
14 Pages

Power and Energy

Potentials, crisis, and planning
WithMoshahida Sultana

Bangladesh is planning regional cooperation in the energy sector with neighboring countries through cross-border trade, interconnecting power transmission systems, cross-border and trans-boundary pipeline transmission, and common energy projects. The first hydropower generator was installed in Bangladesh in 1962 through the Kaptai Hydro plant, which inundated 40 percent of the agricultural land of the Chittagong Hill Tract area. The Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources is responsible for overall policy formulation, investment decisions, and regulation of the power and energy sector in Bangladesh. The Power Division is responsible for implementing power sector reforms and ensuring adequate power-generation capacity. The planning and policy making of Bangladesh show that most of the developments in both the power and the energy sector were driven by donors’ agendas. The National Committee is a platform of left-leaning political parties, social and cultural activists, professionals, practitioners, and experts engaging in movements to protect oil, gas, mineral resources, power, and ports.