Public Administration and Bureaucracy
In contemporary Bangladesh, the need for change in its administrative-bureaucratic system in order to unreservedly serve citizens has long been perceived in social and political circles and demanded by concerned citizens and civil society organizations. In many ways, the public administration system remains ossified by default and thereby highly bureaucratized, overly politicized and ethically amiss. The governmental system in Bangladesh has its roots in the colonial administration of British India that began in the late 1850s and continued for nearly 90 years until 1947. In post-colonial Pakistan, the basic format of public administration underwent sporadic insignificant changes. The colonial traditions remained embedded in the social-administrative fabric. Bangladesh, at independence, was bequeathed a public administrative system that was highly centralized, bureaucratized, overbearing, and economically monopolistic and distanced from the people. Axiology has an important place in public administration as bureaucratic standards are measured by its indicators.