Environmental extremist and animal rights single issue perpetrators ELżBIETA POSŁUSZNA AND MIROSLAV MAREŠ
This chapter explains what is known about terrorists and weapons of mass destruction, with a particular emphasis on how a lone actor terrorist might become involved. Terrorists of various professed ideologies have long had an interest in chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) weapons, and expressions of the intent to acquire a CBRN capacity have been fairly common. Chemical weapons have a history that goes back centuries in conventional military warfare. However, compared to nuclear power plants, which are comparatively few and often heavily guarded, chemical plants are far more numerous and usually without adequate protection. Biological warfare too has a long history in conventional military warfare, ever since its first uses in the form of poisoned arrows or for the poisoning of wells and water supply. Abdukhadyev's 1996 threat involved a radiological dispersal device (RDD), commonly known as a "dirty bomb". This is a contraption that would scatter radioactive materials over an area by using conventional explosives.