Historical lessons: an overview of early anarchism and lone actor terrorism
This chapter describes the difficulties in understanding fixated individuals and also describe the approaches taken by the Dutch government. The Dutch response has been to establish a system of networked security in which regional and central authorities within the security sector as well as the health and social sectors work together to identify potential security threats among fixated individuals. Geert Wilders, the leader of the Freedom Party PVV, which can be considered to be one of the heirs of Pim Fortuyn's political legacy, became one of the most heavily guarded politicians, as a result of the steady number of death threats directed against him. The incidents on Queen's Day, Remembrance Day, and Prinsjesdag, and in Alphen aan den Rijn had by then become prime examples of the security risks originating from potential violent and confused individuals. Furthermore, a Threat Management pilot project was established in 2011 at the national level, also headed by the national police agency KLPD.