chapter  8
Organization Theory as a Problem of Structure
Pages 15

As can be seen from the above features, the notions of equality of treatment of clients, rule following, and specialization fit the needs of both administrators and politicians. Equality of treatment was both an administrative and political necessity in the environment of the 1830s. The idea of rule following as the basic order for the public official meant that uniformity could be attained to the extent that rule compliance could be achieved. Most importantly, the idea of specialization could be turned on its head as job simplification. In dividing positions into narrower, more simplistic jobs, organized training became less necessary. As Andrew Jackson is supposed to have advocated, no government job need be beyond the ability of any man. Narrowing jobs in the guise of specialization could be transformed into a political justification for patronage and spoils.