chapter  9
7 Pages

Free will, liberation, and Buddhist philosophy MaR i E FRiQu EGNoN

In response to the problem of how one can achieve nirvāṇa or enlightenment, later (Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna) Buddhists argue that nirvāṇa and saṃsāra are two perspectives on the same reality. Unenlightened beings can only perceive saṃsāra because they cannot take the perspective of nirvāṇa. This is because their vision is obscured. One can, through Buddhist practices, such as meditation, remove these impediments, and one will be able to experience nirvāṇa. Then one’s actions will be positive, spontaneous, selfless and free. One can only be free if one has freed oneself from the limitations of the self.