chapter
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Conclusion

Philosophical discussions of testimony typically make much of the idea that an overwhelming amount of our knowledge is testimonial. And some recent accounts of testimony have made much of its being a second-personal phenomenon – not merely in that it involves generic markers of the second-person such as address and recognition, but in that it contains a distinctively second-personal form of epistemic dependence, that of believing someone. But the claim about the extent of our epistemic dependence on testimony requires moderation when it is sung in this second-personal key, for there are many ways in which we learn from others that do not exemplify the bipolar normative relationship elucidated by Moran and McMyler – not least, learning by being taught.