In 2012, the Indigenous Design and Planning Institute was founded at the School of Architecture, University of New Mexico. Since then, it has been advancing an education learning model that works with faculty, students and practitioners in partnering with Indigenous communities to plan and design in a more culturally appropriate way. Indigenous planning is a paradigm that uses a culturally responsive and value-based approach to community development. This chapter begins by outlining the evolution and development of Indigenous planning. It identifies the challenges faced by tribes in the U.S., as they weathered public programs that were often ill-suited to their cultures. It concludes by discussing the various lessons learned through the practice and application of Indigenous planning principles and tenets.