The most critical area for future theoretical development in Bourdieuian approaches to entrepreneurship is the emergence of cultural outlooks and practices relative to multiple, overlapping ﬁelds. Case studies are needed to better understand how entrepreneurs balance the competing demands of these ﬁelds and how local entrepreneurial cultures are inﬂuenced by the presence of non-local ﬁelds. Further, the inﬂuence of individual entrepreneurs, ﬁrms or regions on larger-scale ﬁelds must be acknowledged in order to understand how even these global social structures can change over time. The ways in which entrepreneurs navigate the conﬂicting rules of these ﬁelds is an area ripe for conceptual and empirical research. Finally, empirical research should look how individual entrepreneurial practices, such as the use of a business plan or taking on venture capital, are viewed by actors in different local ﬁelds as well those in different positions within the same ﬁeld. This will further illuminate the relationship between entrepreneurial practices and culture.