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The most critical area for future theoretical development in Bourdieuian approaches to entrepreneurship is the emergence of cultural outlooks and practices relative to multiple, overlapping fields. Case studies are needed to better understand how entrepreneurs balance the competing demands of these fields and how local entrepreneurial cultures are influenced by the presence of non-local fields. Further, the influence of individual entrepreneurs, firms or regions on larger-scale fields must be acknowledged in order to understand how even these global social structures can change over time. The ways in which entrepreneurs navigate the conflicting rules of these fields is an area ripe for conceptual and empirical research. Finally, empirical research should look how individual entrepreneurial practices, such as the use of a business plan or taking on venture capital, are viewed by actors in different local fields as well those in different positions within the same field. This will further illuminate the relationship between entrepreneurial practices and culture.