This chapter explores how a legal approach, predominantly through the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), to combating wildlife trafficking overlooks harm to people and animals. It investigates the absence of criminal law that recognizes the harm and abuse to the environment and animals that is inherent in wildlife trafficking. The chapter gives an example of an approach where a combined socio-legal solution may provide guidance on ways forward in other situations where wildlife trafficking needs to be stopped. It provides the global framework in which wildlife trade takes place and therefore will be described in some detail. The member state may enact such provisions, but it is not part of the required implementation of the Convention. As discussed below, incorporation of concerns beyond only those captured by criminal law holds the potential to improve the efforts to curb this injurious crime.