This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book illustrates the insights that a cross-disciplinary approach can bring to the study of environmental harms. It contributes to such efforts by bringing together legal and social science perspectives on environmental crimes, with the aim of fostering greater dialogue among policymakers, academics from different disciplines, representatives from international organisations, activists and concerned citizens around the world. The book aims to forge a socio-legal approach to environmental harms that draws upon the contributions and perspectives of both legal and social science research to respond to and, ultimately, prevent environmental harms. International bodies and organisations such as the UN Environment Programme, the European Union, and the UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute recognise five broad areas of transnational environmental offences, namely.