chapter  22
Thailand: suffi ciency economy, green and happy society Paranee Watana
Pages 14

Thailand fi rst applied the philosophy of suffi ciency economy in the Ninth National Development Plan (2002-2006) to overcome the economic crisis that was brought about by unexpected changes under rapid globalization, and to achieve sustainable development. Evaluations of the achievement of both the application of the suffi ciency economy and the implementation of the Plan have been reported to the relevant agencies and the public. The Green and Happiness Index (GHI) was developed in 2007 to capture a multi-dimensional picture of the progress of the 10th Plan (2007-2011) when the development direction shifted toward a “green and happy society”.