chapter  6
Reply to Michael Bristol and Gayle Greene
ByRichard Levin
Pages 14

This chapter proposes a kind of peace treaty, based on pluralism, objectivism, and rationalism, that, according to the author, would enable practitioners of the various critical approaches to engage in productive arguments and to learn from each other. The main portion of Michael Bristol's response is an account of different conceptions of ideology that makes some interesting points. In recent years, major improvements have been seen in the situation of blacks and women, brought about through alliances and an evolving consensus that were enabled by pluralistic system. Gayle Greene objects to the statement that "most ordinary people" or "most audiences" view literary works as pleasurable, since this universalizes them and treats them as male. Critics from all parts of the political spectrum practice all the basic approaches, and one does not even have to be a political liberal to accept critical pluralism.