chapter  2
15 Pages

Are sociodemographic characteristics, education and training, and attitudes toward older adults’ sexuality predictive of willingness to assess sexual health in a sample of US psychologists?

ByMargaret Flaget-Greener, Cesar A. Gonzalez, Eric Sprankle

Internationally, it is estimated that the number of adults aged 65 or older will outnum-

ber children under the age of 5 by the year 2016 (United Nations Department of Eco-

nomic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2013). Between 2012 and 2050, the

number of adults aged 65 and older in the United States (US) will increase by over

100% from approximately 40.3 to 88.5 million people, representing 20% of the US

population (United States Census Bureau, 2012). Despite the projected upsurge, there

is a gap amongst healthcare providers about how to meet the needs of older adults

(Campos, Brasfield, & Kelly, 1989; Kane, 2004; Karel, Knight, Duffy, Hinrichsen, &

Zeiss, 2010; Qualls, Segal, Norman, Niederehe, & Gallagher-Thompson, 2002;

Wiederman & Sansone, 1999). Moreover, research indicates that as the proportion of

older adults increases, advancements in healthcare are contributing to healthy aging

and improvements in quality of life (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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and Therapy,

Vol. 30, No. 1, 1024,


[CDC], 2013). Research suggests that indicators of quality of life include sexual

activity (Group, 1998) and this association has also been found among older adults

(Robinson & Molzahn, 2007).