chapter  4
27 Pages

Shallow, deep and social ecologies

With Franks Benjamin , Hanscomb Stuart , Johnston Sean F.

The previous chapter introduced three value systems that consider environmental dimensions: anthropocentrism, biocentrism and ecocentrism. The differences between these perspectives can be understood as both a shift of attention and a change of scale. And, to varying degrees of satisfaction, these rankings of values can be expressed according to any one of the three ethical frameworks introduced in Chapter 2 (virtue ethics, deontology or consequentialism) to work out solutions to ethical quandaries.