chapter  14
15 Pages

Orphanage tourism and development in Cambodia: a mobilities approach


It is perhaps more true than ever that contemporary society is a ‘society on the move’ (Lash and Urry 1994). Globalisation has increased movement between regions and nations in unprecedented numbers and international tourism is now a common practice. The 1990s are described as the beginning of the mobility ‘turn’ in social sciences. Since then, there has been a rapid development in literature concerned with the importance that mobility has upon individuals and society (Adey 2006; Urry 2008; Cresswell 2010a; Duncan 2012; Cohen and Cohen 2015; Coles 2015; Thulemark et al. 2014). As Sheller and Urry describe, there has traditionally been a tendency within social science to ignore, trivialise, or uncritically investigate ‘the importance of the systematic movements of people for work and family life, for leisure and pleasure, and for politics and protest’ (2006: 208). Mobilities literature, in contrast, argues that mobility and movement are ‘at the center of constellations of power, the creation of identities and the microgeographies of everyday life’ (Cresswell 2010a: 551). Tourism is increasingly seen as interwoven within ‘everyday life’ (Franklin 2006; Edensor 2007; Hannam 2008), or what can be considered within lifestyle mobility (Duncan 2012).