chapter
3 Pages

Introduction

WithKarin Dean

This chapter sheds light on how people choose their citizenship and explores how modern states make legible spaces. Scott argues that a state's attempt to make a society legible includes steps such as taxation, conscription, and prevention of rebellion. The chapter argues that the choice of citizenship is not always determined by ideology or sense of belonging but, to a great extent, by factors such as economic opportunities, religious affiliation, kinship ties, and perceived life chances. It deals with a brief history of the enclave formation and the long process that resulted in the exchange of the enclaves. The residents of the enclaves along the Bangladesh–India border spent decades in limbo waiting for the two countries to address their precarious existence. The enclave dwellers reported numerous factors that shaped their decision whether to relocate. Consequently, the fact that India and Bangladesh did eventually overcome this obstacle and exchanged the enclaves deserves particular scrutiny.