Border and road regimes in Central Asia
This chapter aims to unpack the complexity of power regimes, specifically border and road regimes that are constituted as a result of interactions between those in power and citizens or individuals. Uncertainty is the main resource, I argue, for those who are in power. The examples are drawn from the context of the Uzbek-Kazakh border through Chernyaevka. The main argument of this chapter is that in the process and experience of travelling, including daily interactions among passengers, drivers, service providers, road authorities, border guards, and security officials, a certain kind of order among disorder is being established and negotiated. This order, which constitutes border and road regimes, includes written and unwritten rules of behaviour, manners of speaking, strategies, institutions, hierarchies, authorities, and moralities shared and accepted by all the actors involved. The actors involved contribute to the establishment and maintenance of this order by the way they communicate, act, learn, and teach on a daily basis within the border space at hand. I follow a Foucauldian understanding of regime, power, and dispositif, which I apply in explaining the emergence of the power regimes regarding border and road regimes.