chapter  4
3 Pages

Three Scenarios for Eastern Europe in the EU

Economy, demography and politics are the cornerstones of the megatrends for the EU. The

amount of population and the volume of the economy are simple quantitative indicators

related to more complex qualitative challenges, for example, aging. In 2010, there were

85 million people in the EU older than 65 years. By 2030, it is forecast that this

number will have increased to 131 million, which will be more than one in four inhabitants

in the EU. In the economy, the EU has progressed only slowly towards entrepreneurial

knowledge-based economy. The Lisbon Strategy to become the globally leading

economy by 2010 failed. According to the new strategies, by 2020 the EU has smarter

and greener sustainable economy (CEC, 2010). A particular challenge for the EU is the

rise of China in the global economy and the strengthening of the economic ties between

China and the US, Africa, Central Asia and other areas outside the EU (see Doucet, 2010).