chapter  5
1 Pages

Conclusions

EU; hence, the connection to the traditional economic core area is important. The sig-

nificance of neighbourhood programmes across the EU border areas has increased. The

EU conditionality has enhanced persuasive instruments in and outside the EU. Partner-

ship has become more important than the formal EU membership for the bordering

states. Therefore, governance of regions is challenging. Metagovernance discusses

about values, principles and possibilities for development choices but there is an

increasing tension of governance incompatibility between fixed bounded regions

based on representational democracy and continuously changing fluid regions with

various interest groups. The EU convergence aim has turned into a political issue. A

clash emerges between the pro-growth and de-growth development policies and

regions.