chapter  2
12 Pages

The two anarchies

The Arab uprisings and the question of an anarchist sociology
WithMohammed A. Bamyeh

This chapter explores how one thinks about anarchy from one perspective or the other, rather than determine whether one perspective may be ethically superior to the other. It suggests that how the comparison may provide some basis for anarchist sociology. The chapter focuses on six basic differences between self-conscious anarchism and organic anarchy, including the definition of each practice; the ethics that inform economic order; the question of authority; the source of knowledge; character of radicalism in each perspective; and finally the comparative expectation from revolutionary activity. Anarchist sociology thus would be the perspective that employs the observed universality as a basis for the further development of a self-conscious anarchism. The tendency for organic anarchy to cultivate intuition as a depository of knowledge in place of concepts, distinguishes it from self-conscious anarchism, where intuition itself requires being conceptually justified.