The Revivalists of the previous chapter made an enormous impact on the way many people understand and practice their religion. In this regard there can be no doubt that they contributed to the overall mosaic of Christian thought. But their enthusiasm didn’t particularly influence the more intellectual currents of theology in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. To follow this branch of thinking, the first half of this chapter continues further into the heart of Enlightenment theology to the figures of Lessing and Kant. Then we will consider Friedrich Schleiermacher, Christianity’s chief representative of the Romantic Period, and his response to the challenge of modernism.