Germany and the Post-Soviet States
Germany's stake in the outcome of post-Soviet transformation is greater than that of its other Western partners because of the legacies of history and geography. Thus, Germany's primary objective has been to find partners within the Russian government with whom it could build a predictable relationship. When Gorbachev, Shevardnadze, and their few domestic allies agreed to German unification and to a united Germany's remaining in North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), they expected not only an economic payoff for abandoning the sine qua non of their postwar foreign policy but also envisaged a political quid pro quo. Indeed, some Russian political observers believe that NATO enlargement is a consequence of Germany's failure to take initiative in creating post-Soviet European security system. Germany's most important and direct contribution to post-Soviet Russia has been its role as the largest donor to the newly independent states (NIS). Although Germany's primary focus has been Russia, it has also become more involved in other post-Soviet states.